Tropical Parasitology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91--98

Cryptosporidiosis: An under-recognized public health problem


Niyati T Desai, Rajiv Sarkar, Gagandeep Kang 
 Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Gagandeep Kang
Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu - 632 004
India

Cryptosporidium spp. is under recognized as an important pathogen causing diarrhea in children and HIV-infected individuals with associated high morbidity and mortality. In endemic areas, most symptomatic infections are in childhood and in immunocompromised adults. The immune status of the host plays a critical role in determining the severity of cryptosporidiosis. Infection is self-limited in immunocompetent hosts, but can be severe and persistent in the immunocompromised such as AIDS patients or malnourished children. Cryptosporidiosis in developing countries is a major cause of acute and persistent diarrhea in children and is associated with subsequent impairment in growth, physical fitness, and cognitive function. Despite recognition of the importance of immune status, the correlates of protective immunity in cryptosporidiosis in humans are poorly understood, and treatment modalities are limited.


How to cite this article:
Desai NT, Sarkar R, Kang G. Cryptosporidiosis: An under-recognized public health problem.Trop Parasitol 2012;2:91-98


How to cite this URL:
Desai NT, Sarkar R, Kang G. Cryptosporidiosis: An under-recognized public health problem. Trop Parasitol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Apr 1 ];2:91-98
Available from: http://www.tropicalparasitology.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5070;year=2012;volume=2;issue=2;spage=91;epage=98;aulast=Desai;type=0