Tropical Parasitology

EDITORIAL
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69--70

Microbial links to noninfectious diseases: The way forward


Subhash Chandra Parija 
 Vice-Chancellor, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Subhash Chandra Parija
Vice-Chancellor, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry
India




How to cite this article:
Parija SC. Microbial links to noninfectious diseases: The way forward.Trop Parasitol 2019;9:69-70


How to cite this URL:
Parija SC. Microbial links to noninfectious diseases: The way forward. Trop Parasitol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Oct 22 ];9:69-70
Available from: http://www.tropicalparasitology.org/text.asp?2019/9/2/69/267140


Full Text



Greetings from the desk of the editor!

Welcome to the second issue of Tropical Parasitology for the year 2019.

As we are moving forward in the 21st century, we are being confronted with myriad manifestations of microbial infections and the strict frontier between communicable and noncommunicable diseases is being breached now and again. The association of viruses and certain parasites with malignancies is well established, and the discovery of Helicobacter pylori in the last century was a great turning point. The new kid in town who is now the talk of the scientific town is the gut microbiome. A flurry of research activities in this new field has established that gut microbiota is an important regulator of host metabolism. The microbial metabolites can influence a plethora of life processes, and any disturbance in the gut microbiome (dysbiosis) can have pathological consequences in the individual. Gut dysbiosis is associated with disruption of the gut homeostasis which can lead to various noncommunicable diseases since microbiota-derived metabolites are either depleted or generated at harmful concentrations. This provides a theoretical framework for linking microorganisms to noncommunicable diseases.[1] A great majority of protozoan and helminth parasites have their residence in the human gut and may produce devastating alterations in the normal commensal flora of the intestine. The changes may be imperceptible in acute infections, but a quantum change in the overall body homeostasis can occur in chronic infections.

A look at the contents of the present issue of Tropical Parasitology will reveal that a wide range of topics have been covered in this edition. Adkoli and Parija have continued their series on systems approach in medical education[2] from the previous issue and have analyzed the systems approach in bridging education, research, and patient care in the present issue.[3] The review article on the possible role of Toxoplasma infection in the genesis of bipolar disorders and schizophrenia[4] and a letter to the editor on the role of intestinal helminth infections in multiple sclerosis[5] reiterate the increasing importance of infections in the multifactorial etiology of certain noncommunicable diseases. Three original articles, primarily on Plasmodium vivax, have discussed its clinical spectrum,[6] cytokine profile,[7] and the genetic diversity.[8]Echinococcus containment has been dealt with in an article from Iran,[9] while cutaneous leishmaniasis infection in India is the subject of another study.[10] Two dispatches[11],[12] have focused on the histopathological and cytological diagnosis of filariasis and one original article has highlighted the utility of cytology in the diagnosis of parasitological infection.[13] Finally, a report[14] from Indonesia describes the presence of sparganum in frog meat and its antecedent threat to humans. In our regular column on face to face,[15] Dr. Sarman Singh shares his experience in parasitology, in particular on visceral leishmaniasis.

References

1Byndloss MX, Bäumler AJ. The germ-organ theory of non-communicable diseases. Nat Rev Microbiol 2018;16:103-10.
2Adkoli BV, Parija SC. Systems approach in medical education: The thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:3-6.
3Adkoli BV, Parija SC. Applying systems approach for bridging education, research, and patient care in a health sciences university. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:77-82.
4Chaudhury A, Ramana BV. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders: The Toxoplasma connection. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:71-6.
5Karimi N, Fakhar M, Keighobadi M. The endosymbiotic role of intestinal helminths in multiple sclerosis: Promising probiotic hypothesis. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:131-2.
6Bhagwati MM, Mathews SE, Agnihotri V. Clinical spectrum of Plasmodium vivax infection, from benign to severe malaria: Atertiary care prospective study in adults from Delhi, India. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:88-92.
7Punnath K, Dayanand KK, Chandrashekhar VN, Achur RN, Kakkilaya SB, Ghosh SK, et al. Association between inflammatory cytokine levels and anemia during Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections in Mangaluru: A south western coastal region of India. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:98-107.
8Anantabotla VM, Antony HA, Joseph NM, Parija SC, Rajkumari N, Kini JR, et al. Genetic diversity of Indian Plasmodium vivax polymorphic marker. Parasitol 2019;9:108-14.
9Mirzanejad-Asl H. Echinococcus contamination ratio and its related risk factors in Moghan plain, Northwest of Iran. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:83-7.
10Rajni E, Ghia BC, Singh S, Shankar P, Swami T, Jadon DS, et al. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Bikaner, India: Clinico-epidemiological profile; parasite identification using conventional, molecular methods and cutaneous leishmaniasis Detect™ rapid test, a new food and drug administration approved test. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:115-23.
11Sahoo N, Mohanty P, Mohanty S, Naik S. Lymphatic filariasis presenting as a soft tissue swelling in midarm: A histopathological diagnosis at unusual site. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:127-9.
12Shukla SK, Kusum A, Sharma S, Kandari D. Filariasis presenting as a solitary testicular mass. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:124-6.
13Pamu PK, Vangala N, Sabbavarapu P, Tandon A. Utility of cytology in the diagnosis of parasitic infestation: A retrospective study. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:93-7.
14Prasetyo RH, Safitri E. Sparganum in frog meat: A warning for the occurrence of human sparganosis. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:130-1.
15Face-to-Face: Dr. Sarman Singh. Trop Parasitol 2019;9:133-7.