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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

Enteric spore-forming opportunistic parasites in HIV / AIDS

Centre for AIDS and Related Diseases, National Center for Disease Control, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rohit Chawla
Deputy Director, Center for AIDS and Related Diseases, National Center for Disease Control, 22-Sham Nath Marg, Delhi-110054
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5070.72112

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection causes progressive damage to both limbs of the immune system, which results in a plethora of opportunistic infections. Among the various opportunistic infections, gastrointestinal infections are very common in HIV / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Opportunistic spore-forming protozoal parasites, namely, Cryptosporidium parvum, Isospora belli, Cyclospora cayetanensis, and Microsporidia, play a major role in causing chronic diarrhea, accompanied with weight loss, in patients with HIV / AIDS. The purpose of this review is to discuss the salient microbiological, clinical, and diagnostic aspects of important enteric spore-forming opportunistic parasites in HIV / AIDS.

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