Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Users Online: 162
Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current issue | Archives | Submit article | Instructions | Subscribe | Contacts | Login 
     
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 124-129

A hospital-based study on the prevalence of trichomoniasis and evaluation of accuracy of various diagnostic techniques


1 Department of Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi University, Delhi, India
2 Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi University, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rumpa Saha
Department of Microbiology, 3rd Floor, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi University, Delhi - 110 095
India
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/tp.TP_45_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: The sexually transmitted infections (STIs) caused by Trichomonas vaginalis have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and increased risk of HIV transmission. Trichomoniasis remains underreported despite being easy to diagnose and treat. Moreover, availability of battery of diagnostic tools causes dilemma on the most appropriate techniques to be used. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of T. vaginalis and its diagnostic accuracy employing various diagnostic techniques in women presenting with vaginal discharge in gynecological outpatient department (GOPD) of our tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: Five vaginal swabs were collected from 204 patients with symptomatic vaginal discharge attending GOPD. Wet mount microscopy, Giemsa and acridine orange staining, culture in Kupferberg media and InPouch™ TV culture system, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed and compared. Results: The prevalence of T. vaginalis was 1.96% in the present study. Wet mount microscopy, staining method, and culture detected 1.96% of cases, whereas PCR detected 2.45% of cases. Conclusion: The prevalence of T. vaginalis was <3% among symptomatic vaginal discharge patients from GOPD. Although PCR had a higher detection rate, there was no significant difference in sensitivity and specificity between other diagnostic methods (direct wet mount, Giemsa/acridine orange staining, and InPouch™ TV culture system). Hence, the availability in a particular setting would determine the methods of choice to be used for the diagnosis of T. vaginalis.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed244    
    Printed8    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded5    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal