Tropical Parasitology

ETHICS IN SERIES
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5--7

Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine


Jharna Mandal1, Dinoop Korol Ponnambath2, Subhash Chandra Parija1 
1 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Microbiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Jharna Mandal
Department of Microbiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India

Medical ethics is a sensible branch of moral philosophy and deals with conflicts in obligations/duties and their potential outcome. Two strands of thought exist in ethics regarding decision-making: deontological and utilitarian. In deontological approach, outcomes/consequences may not just justify the means to achieve it while in utilitarian approach; outcomes determine the means and greatest benefit expected for the greatest number. In brief, deontology is patient-centered, whereas utilitarianism is society-centered. Although these approaches contradict each other, each of them has their own substantiating advantages and disadvantages in medical practice. Over years, a trend has been observed from deontological practice to utilitarian approach leading to frustration and discontentment. Health care system and practitioners need to balance both these ethical arms to bring congruity in medical practice.


How to cite this article:
Mandal J, Ponnambath DK, Parija SC. Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine.Trop Parasitol 2016;6:5-7


How to cite this URL:
Mandal J, Ponnambath DK, Parija SC. Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine. Trop Parasitol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Jan 16 ];6:5-7
Available from: https://www.tropicalparasitology.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5070;year=2016;volume=6;issue=1;spage=5;epage=7;aulast=Mandal;type=0