Tropical Parasitology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97--101

High susceptibility to severe malaria among patients with A blood group versus those with O blood group: A cross-sectional study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo


Serge Tonen-Wolyec1, Salomon Batina-Agasa2 
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani; Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bunia, Bunia, The Democratic Republic of the Congo
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Correspondence Address:
Serge Tonen-Wolyec
Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Kisangani
The Democratic Republic of the Congo

This study aimed to assess the association of severe malaria infection with the ABO blood groups among acute febrile patients at the General Hospital of Rungu, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This cross-sectional study was conducted between August and October 2018. Plasmodium falciparum-infected individuals were categorized as severe malaria and uncomplicated malaria. A total of 400 febrile patients were enrolled. The majority (n = 251; 62.8%) was positive P. falciparum in microscopy test, of whom 180 (71.7%) had uncomplicated malaria and 71 (28.3%) severe malaria; 32.3%, 18.3%, 2.8%, and 46.6% were found to be blood group of A, B, AB, and O, respectively. In the multivariate analysis using the logistic regression models, severe malaria was high among patients with A blood group compared to those with O blood group (45.8% vs. 13.7%; adjusted odds ratio: 5.3 [95% confidence interval: 2.7–10.5]; P < 0.001). This survey demonstrates that patients with A blood group had a high susceptibility to severe malaria compared to those with O blood group.


How to cite this article:
Tonen-Wolyec S, Batina-Agasa S. High susceptibility to severe malaria among patients with A blood group versus those with O blood group: A cross-sectional study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Trop Parasitol 2021;11:97-101


How to cite this URL:
Tonen-Wolyec S, Batina-Agasa S. High susceptibility to severe malaria among patients with A blood group versus those with O blood group: A cross-sectional study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Trop Parasitol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Oct 2 ];11:97-101
Available from: https://www.tropicalparasitology.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5070;year=2021;volume=11;issue=2;spage=97;epage=101;aulast=Tonen-Wolyec;type=0